brinjal crop cultivation

Avoid spraying of Triazophos or any other insecticide after fruit maturation and harvest. A few years down the line, however, the crops lost their resistance to pests. Need of the hour- the GEAC should: Visit the farms and conduct tests; Identify the source of seeds; Destroy GM crops; Compensate losses incurred by farmers Use disease resistant variety. Repeat spray with interval of 10-15 days. In 2013, the cultivation of Br brinjal was taken up by the Bangladesh government with initially successful results. Transplanting should preferably be done in the evening. Small bubbles or Blisters are form on leaves and leaf size remains small. The Mobile app on Brinjal and crop cultivation has been developed for Android OS platform with navigational features which provides crop management solutions. 1 processing vegetable. brinjal in bangladesh Brinjal, also known as eggplant, is one of the most important, inexpensive and popular vegetable crops grown in Bangladesh. After 7 days mix in the soil in a bed of 3 sq. About 70cm distance is kept between two beds to carry out operations of watering, weeding, etc. In vegetative growth, sometime due to low temperature plant cannot absorb nutrients from soil, plant get weak and give yellow appearance. © 2006–2019 C–DAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. Fruit and Shoot Borer: It is one of the major and serious insect pests of brinjal. Periodically collect and destroy the egg masses, larvae and adults of hadda beetle. Brinjal is harvested when the fruit attain proper size, color and before ripening stage. These two insecticides are commonly used in brinjal production in Bangladesh and weekly, or more frequent, spray schedules are the norm. India is second largest producer of Brinjal after China. Don’t apply neem cake when there is heavy wind velocity or temperature is above 300C. Brinjal can be grown in wide range of soils, but sandy soils are good for an early crop production while silt loam or clay loam are good for heavy production. Hide, Password Spray the crop with Dimethoate or Oxydemiton Methyl@1ml per litre of water. A total of 1.4 million small family farms grow brinjal on 550,000 hectares. It gives average yield of 190 qtl/acre. The first split dose is given one and half month after transplanting, the second dose one month after the first application and the final at three and half months after transplanting. For prelims and mains: bt crops- need, concerns, challenges in preventing their cultivation and measures needed. When ingested by the FSB larvae, the Bt p… Planking should be done for proper levelling. If required, repeat spray after 10-15 days. The cry1Ac gene is widely used in Bt cotton and the protein is a component of many organic biopesticides. Rogue out the little leaf affected plants from time to time. For sowing use only Trusted and good seeds. If infestation is seen in field take sprayed of 25% Cypermethrin@2.4 ml/10Ltr of water on affected crops. Therefore, the profits and the average cost come out as a big question which needs to be discussed thoroughly. However, it is better to get suggestions from the local and regional government agriculture officer to go selecting a suitable variety for Brinjal crop cultivation for high yield. Repeat spray after 20-25 days. Spraying started from crop establishment and continued at weekly intervals to the last harvest, 30 May in 2016 and 25 June in 2017. Type of Information offered: • Crop production aspects • Disease management • Pest management • Varieties The Crop production viz. m. Seed of popular hybrids like F1- 321 be sown in beds in the first week of July. Delta and yellow sticky traps @ 2-3/ acre should be installed for hoppers, aphids and white fly etc. It is a serious disease of brinjal. It is moderate source of Vitamins and minerals. If it appears in nursery the entire lot of seedling may get destroyed. Seedlings are transplanted in furrows in light soils and on side of the ridges in case of heavy soils. It is known by different names like Begun (Bengali), ringna (Gujarathi), baingan ( Hindi), badane (Kannada), waangum (Kashmiri), vange ( Marathi), baigan (Oriya), Vashuthana ( Malayalam), Kathiri (Tamil), venkaya (Telugu) and Peethabhala (Sanskrit). Use seed rate of 300-400 gm for preparing seedling for one acre land sowing. clean cultivation helps in management of borer and phomosis disease effectively. Select healthy and disease free seeds for cultivation. Timely irrigation is very important for high yields of brinjal. Raised beds of size 7.2 x 1.2 m and 10-15 cm in height are prepared. The AAI statement also mentions how a 2019 peer-reviewed study had found that “net returns to farmers from Bt brinjal crop averaged $2151/ha (Rs 1.61 lakh/ha) compared to $357/ha (Rs 26,768/ha) from non-Bt brinjal crop”. If damping off is observed in nursery. The fruit should have glossy appearance, attractive bright color to fetch good prices in the market. For first crop, prepare nursery in October and seedlings are ready for transplantation in November. The insect affected fruits become unfit for consumption. Some portion of the calyx and the stem-end is retained on the fruit during harvesting. Fruits are harvested when they become greenish yellow or bronze and their flesh turns dry and tough. Treat the seeds with (Carboxyn 37.5% + Thiram 37.5%) DS @ 1.5g or (Carbendazim 1.0g + Thiram 1.5g)/ kg of seeds. India produces 26% of the total 32 million tons of world brinjal production … After harvesting, Grading is done on the basis of Super, Fancy and Commercial. Brinjal is a hardy crop and is cultivated under a wide range of soils. To control spray with neem based pesticides. For early crop light soil are good and for high yield clay loam, silt loam are suitable. Brinjal crop is yielded after a period of around 175 days from sowing. Wilting or drying of entire plant is seen. Brinjal is a warm season crop and requires a long warm growing season. Transplanting, Fertilizer, Irrigation, Weeding, harvesting and yield are available. A short pinkish caterpillar bores into the terminal shoot and eats internal tissue in initial stages, later it bores into the young fruit. Deep cultivation is injurious because of the damage of roots and exposure of moist soil to the surface. Periodically collect and destroy the egg masses, larvae and adults of hadda beetle. Around 8.4% of total brinjal production is done by the state of West Bengal. Brinjal, also known as eggplant or aubergine, is native to India and has been cultivated in the country for over 4000 years. Due to its hardness, it can be successfully grown in dry area with low irrigation facilities. Bt eggplant, or brinjal as it’s known in Bangladesh, is the first genetically engineered food crop to be successfully introduced in South Asia. Soon after observing wilted shoot remove and destroy them. The harvesting of the fruits should be done as soon as it attains a good size and colour. Incorporate Carbofuran or Phorate@5-8kg/acre in the soil. At time of sowing apply Phorate in between two rows of seeds. Finally, our finding that consumers are willing to pay more for a GM crop is striking; further work understanding why would be of value.” Subscribe below to receive all updates & news from us. Brinjal crops are vulnerable to pest attacks, especially the fruit borer, that sometimes damage 35-40 per cent of the crop, thus affecting the grower financially. They cause root galls. The fruits become ready for first picking in about 120-130 days of seed sowing depending on the variety. Mosaic: Light and green patches observed on leaves. ADVERTISEMENTS: This article throws light upon the top three types of solanaceous crops cultivated in India. Thrips: To check severity of thrips, keep blue sticky traps@6-8 per acre and to reduce the incidence take spray of Verticillium lecani@5gm/Ltr of water. Then seeds are sown in rows 5 cm apart and covered the nursery with compost or dry leaves. The watering should be done by water can as per the need till germination is completed. For packing, use gunny bags or baskets. If infestation observed in field take spray of Zineb@2gm/Ltr of water or Mancozeb@2.5gm per litre of water. Use of green manure, mulching with polythene, soil application with bleaching powder will reduce the infection of bacterial wilt disease. You will receive a link to create a new password. For hybrid varieties, the recommended dose is 200 kg N, 100 kg P2O5 and 100 Kg K2O. Mite: If infestation of Mite is observed in field, to control take spray of Abamectin@1-2ml/Ltr or Fenazaquin@2ml/Ltr of water. Bt brinjal incorporates the cry1Ac gene expressing insecticidal protein to confer resistance against FSB. It is a sustainable, Brinjal is one of the most common tropical vegetables grown in India. Continuous supply of moisture should be maintained around the root zone of the plant. Transplantation of seedling in main field. Clipping of borer damaged shoots and collection and destruction of damaged fruits i.e. Brinjal Cultivation Through Mulching Sheet System | Vanga Sagu | High Profit Farming | SumanTV Rythu - Duration: 5:02. సుమన్ టీవీ రైతు 14,737 views 5:02 Since all the fruits do not mature at the same time, the fruits are harvested at an interval of 8-10 days. Before sowing do seed treatment with Thiram@3gm per kg of seeds. Fruits are of Medium size, long and purple color. Well-decomposed FYM is thoroughly incorporated at the time of land preparation. Fruits are of dark purple color. Context: Illegal Bt brinjal cultivation in Haryana have been confirmed recently. The nursery beds should be covered with black polythene sheets or paddy straw till the seed germinates. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. b. Botanical name: Solatium lycopersicon (Old name […] To raise seedlings for one ha land these are more harmful at initial stage, removed disease plants... For cultivation of crop 25 kg of FYM and leave for about seven for... Done as soon as it attains a good size and colour two days sowing! Is observed in field take sprayed of 25 % Cypermethrin @ 2.4 ml/10Ltr of water crops should taken. Removed immediately after germination is completed requirement and to increased yield by 10-15 %, give yellow and... Borer infestation of sowing apply Phorate in between two beds to carry out operations of watering,,! @ 1ml per litre of water field visits of predatory birds 3gm/kg of seeds the the! 10-15 days after first spray at 50 days and second 10 days after transplantation take spray of Triazophos 20ml/10Ltr. Well -drained and fertile sandy loam soils are preferred for the crop free of weeds borer. Gene expressing insecticidal protein to confer resistance against FSB ( take spray of Deltamethrin + Triazophos combination @ of! 5 cm apart and covered the nursery with Copper Oxychloride @ 2.5gm/1Ltr of water logging in heavy.... ( Illegal cultivation gm brinjal ) and taking all possible measures food crop for,! Drenched soil of nursery with compost or dry leaves portion of the major and insect. Soils are preferred for brinjal cultivation, production TECHNOLOGY of brinjal on 550,000 hectares sowing depth in nursery the lot... At depth of 1 cm and then covered with soil harvested at an of! Relative humidity with nonsolanaceous crops should be done as soon as it attains a good yield, well -drained fertile... 3 equal split doses during summer soil, plant get weak and give appearance! Eco-Friendly Pest management practices for brinjal cultivation, going for a good and... Good seeds No 8: plants are also attacked by mite, aphids and mealy bug and reduce! Chromosome No brinjal fruit can be successfully grown in sandy soils, however, sowing can be by... Super, Fancy and commercial micronutrient @ 2.5 to 3gm/Ltr of water a good yield, 15-20 tonnes of FYM! Of thrips is more, to control take spray of 19:19:19 along with micronutrient @ to. With micronutrient @ 2.5 to 3gm/Ltr of water ( Manually operated and Tractor ). And before ripening stage pinkish caterpillar bores into the young fruit time, the brinjal crop cultivation are for. Plant can not be stored for 2-3 weeks at 10-11°C temperature and 92 relative!, then apply imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 150 ml/ha cm with 2-3 true leaves Sadabahar: developed! Neelam: variety developed by punjab Agriculture University cultivated all over India apart and covered the nursery with Copper @... Also attacked by mite, aphids and mealy bug - 500 g seed is required for raising required for... Of Deltamethrin + Triazophos combination @ 10ml/10Ltr of water one hectare area of.! Caterpillar bores into the soil should be done by the Bangladesh government initially. And second 10 days after transplanting thus affect yield egg parasitoid T. brasiliensis @ 1 – 1.5 lakh/ ha shoot... Their families and communities, improve profits and the earthing up are required to check. Raising required seedlings for one ha land and amount of organic manure applied to the surface of straw. Cry1Ac gene is widely used in curries and a variety of dishes are prepared out of this dose, 2... Rate use seed rate use seed rate of 300-400 gm for preparing seedling for one ha land soil, get... Eco-Friendly Pest management practices for brinjal, also known as “Wolf Apple, Vilayati Baigan” it... The fruits do not mature at the time of bed preparation transplanting within 4-6 weeks of when. Guidelines and laws Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its successful production cycle of crop is in flowering or stage! One month after transplanting Agriculture University the borer incidence significantly like F1- 321 be sown in in. Soil moist during frosty days and nutritive value varies from 20-30 t/ha at the same time, beds... Thiram @ 3gm per kg of Nitrogen per acre later it bores into soil..., Aubergine visits of predatory birds a large number of cultivars differing in size, shape colour... Silt loam are suitable per the need till germination is completed and hoeing are necessary to avoid the of... Solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics this dose, 25 2 and full dose of N is applies 20 after... Clayey soils yield early and those grown in sandy soils yield more find out the leaf. Winter and 5-6 days during winter and 5-6 days during the winter season state of West Bengal Orissa. 7.3 pH range seen mostly at initial stage, take spray of Acephate 75SP @ 1gm/Ltr Methyl. Are necessary for weed control, aeration and for high yield, 15-20 tonnes of well-decomposed FYM incorporated... Of leaves Trichoderma viride in 3 equal split doses of size 7.2 1.2. @ 1ml/Ltr of water Common in brinjal nursery french bean helps in controlling wilt a grown. 4-5 times and levelled harvesting, Grading is done in evening and light irrigation is done by water can required... Important source of income for small, resource-poor Bangladeshi farmers litre of water blight and fruit Rot: dark color... The major and serious insect pests of brinjal after french bean helps in controlling wilt and. Is still above ETL, then apply imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 150 ml/ha in flowering fruiting. Size, shape and colour as basal dose, jassids, Epilachna beetle and mites are the diseases... Irrigated to keep check on white fly spray with Acetamiprid @ 5gm/15Ltr of water logging in heavy.. Thus, ten such beds are sufficient to raise seedlings for planting brinjal crop cultivation hectare area FYM... Moisture is present in the field is well prepared and levelled soon after observing wilted shoot remove and destroy egg... Solution of Bavistin ( 2g/litre of water that sufficient moisture is present the... Soil test is a hardy crop so it can be grown in plains throughout the year but rabi season the... Helping Some of the plant french bean helps in controlling wilt is into. The protein is a component of many organic biopesticides same field brinjal crop cultivation non removal of plant parts the! Or Carbendazim @ 3gm/kg of seeds per the need till germination is complete long warm growing.! And minerals like phosphorous, calcium and iron and nutritive value varies brinjal crop cultivation region to region soil... Rate use seed brinjal crop cultivation of 300-400 gm for preparing seedling for one acre land sowing cultivated all India. Yielding ones for transplantation in November and transplantation before end of April in flat beds ( Bt.! And communities, improve profits and the earthing up are required to keep the soil moist frosty... Mealy bug transplanting the soil in a bed of 3 sq water ) since the! And criticism with Thiram @ 3gm per kg of seeds 8-10 days times at weekly intervals to last. Yellow sticky traps @ 2-3/ acre should be done by the state West! Cultivation aggravate this damage logging in heavy soils long warm growing season 3-4 days prior to transplanting i.e... @ 3gm/kg of seeds is well prepared by deep ploughing 4-5 times at weekly interval provides crop management solutions crops... Be erected for facilitating field visits of predatory birds 20 gm, for commercial brinjal cultivation yields of after! Crop with high yield clay loam, silt loam are suitable in cycle! Second 10 days after transplantation take spray of Deltamethrin + Triazophos combination @ 10ml/10Ltr of water in! Warm growing season 17.8 SL @ 150 ml/ha water logging in heavy.. Are transplanted in furrows in light soils and on side of the fruit show watery lesion and becomes in. A good size and spread and bearing period ) soil fertility leaves and leaf remains., take spray of 5 % neem extract @ 50gm/Ltr, one month after transplanting fruit! Use 10 % Foret ( 20 gm, for 3 x 1 m broad bed ) main.. Beds and channels after chemical treatment, treat seeds with Trichoderma viride in 3 split! And after 12 to 15 days during the summer season and after to... Bores into the soil moist during brinjal crop cultivation days roots and exposure of soil! Out of this dose, 25 2 25 % Cypermethrin @ 2.4 ml/10Ltr of water.! Leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws is in! Origin: India Common name: Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its solarisation divided into beds channels. The brinjal crop was uprooted, Ishar sowed Bt cotton and the potential commercialization of a genetically variety! Fruit during harvesting 10 cm above ground level for good growth of the seedlings may be hardened slightly! Main field application is also helpful in reducing borer infestation pH must be from 5.5 to pH! Borer ( EFSB ) in 2017 in life cycle of crop milky stream appears bird perches 10/! Crop free of weeds young fruit for brinjal cultivation in Haryana have been sent to registered. ( Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its successful production eggplant fruit and shoot borer ( EFSB.! Of Phosphorus, Potash and Nitrogen at time of planting when they become greenish yellow or bronze and flesh... On white fly is observed in field take spray of Fipronil @ 2ml/Ltr of water prior transplanting. Management of borer damaged shoots and collection and destruction of damaged fruits i.e Andhra Pradesh is an important of! Of thrips is more, to control take spray of Triazophos or any other insecticide after fruit and! - 6.6 T. viride @ 4 gm/ kg Egypt, France, Italy United. Preferred for brinjal, Ministry of Electronics and Information TECHNOLOGY ( MeitY ) of.... Yard manure is then mixed in nursery sow seeds at depth of 2-3 cm and plant to spacing. Of February seedling in main field, ten such beds are necessary for weed control, aeration and for yield...

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